However, if gingivitis is not detected and treated, the inflammation of gingivitis continues and becomes chronic. The bacteria can continue migrate further down the tooth roots and underneath the gumline until eventually, more than just the gums are involved.
The jawbone surrounding our teeth can become affected as well. This is called periodontitis and is characterised by bone loss around the teeth. With bad smelling bacteria, plaque and tartar (or calculus) residing deep under the gum line, bone loss continues with time. This damage cannot be reversed once sustained. The affected teeth can become loose or mobile and ultimately, they are lost.
There is usually no pain associated with gingivitis or periodontitis, so it is hard to know if you are affected. However, bleeding gums, tartar buildup, gum recession and bad breath may all be signs of periodontal disease.